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Top 14 Documents or Items FRSC Check When They Stop Your Car in Nigeria

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In Nigeria, Car owners are required to carry various documents and items, which can be very important for them to keep in their cars. This list is longer for those travelling on inter-state routes.

Most of the time, drivers are unaware of their responsibilities when it comes to road safety. The Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) is an agency that is responsible for overseeing road safety in Nigeria.

The Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) is a government agency that has responsibilities for the safety of all road users in Nigeria. It was established in 1988 by Ibrahim Babangida, the military leader who was the country’s president at that time. It is the leading agency in the country when it comes to managing road safety.

Despite the various traffic management agencies that have been established in Nigeria, the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) is still responsible for ensuring the safety of road users.

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Driver’s licence

General Frequently Asked Questions about Nigeria Driver's Licence - Know this before applying.
General Frequently Asked Questions about Nigeria Driver’s Licence – Know this before applying.

A driver’s license is an official document permitting a specific individual to operate one or more types of motorized vehicles, such as a motorcycle, car, truck, or bus on a public road.

Proof of ownership

How to verify vehicle proof of ownership in Nigeria
Proof of ownership

It is a document that indicates the title or right to possession and use of the car by the individual

Insurance certificate

It is a document used to provide information on specific insurance coverage in this case, the car being driven by the driver.

Certificate of roadworthiness

7 Parts Of Your Car Vehicle Inspection Officers (VIO) Will Check For roadworthiness
7 Parts Of Your Car Vehicle Inspection Officers (VIO) Will Check For roadworthiness

The document is issued after inspection by the Vehicle Inspection Office. It is a check of the vehicle to ensure that key components have not worn or deteriorated and that the vehicle is safe for normal road use.

Vehicle license

Step By Step Guide On How To Obtain A Vehicle Dealership License In Nigeria
Step By Step Guide On How To Obtain A Vehicle Dealership License In Nigeria

A vehicle licence is a document issued in respect of a particular motor vehicle and it is usually valid for one year.

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C-caution sign

A C-Caution warning sign should be in every car. It is a type of sign which indicates a potential hazard, obstacle, or condition requiring special attention by the roadside. It must also be visible for other drivers to see even from a distance.

Fire extinguisher

It is a portable device that discharges a jet of water, foam, gas, or other material to extinguish a fire.

The others are (especially for inter-state travel):

Expiry dates on tires

It is expected that the tires used in every car should be within a specified date, otherwise they will be seen as expired tires and the FRSC frowns at this.

Extra Tyres

Check all your tires for safety purposes. Do not use expired tires. They are likely to burst, especially when running in hot weather because the rubber component may have hardened and cracked

Razor blade

There are certain things that the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) requires that drivers in Nigeria should possess. Unknown to many, one of these is a razor blade. Not all vehicle drivers are aware that razor blade is part of items expected to be in their vehicles whenever they are driving. 

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No one prays to be involved in an accident, but prevention they say is better than cure. Here are reasons motorists should have razor blades in their vehicles as part of safety equipment.  


The driver could require this if a challenge is encountered with the car at night.

First aid kit

You may never know when you’ll need a first aid kit. It is required in a car and the FRSC will definitely request this.


A driver could get stranded in the middle of nowhere and require hydraulics to at least get the car going till it gets to a qualified mechanic.

Extra Fan Belt

Fan belt challenges could be encountered at any point in time and a driver could get stranded due to this. The FRSC now requires that every car should have an extra fan belt just in case of unforeseen situations.

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